South Korea’s far-right President Yoon Suk Yeol is rushing South Korea headlong into the middle of thethat the United States is waging against China.
Yoon’s aspiration to position South Korea as a “global pivotal state” is turning South Korea into a bigger cog in the US war machine and stakes South Korea’s security and economic future on a declining US-led global order. Yoon’s support of the US global order has taken him on a flurry of visits and meetings around the world from the virtual Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF) summit to the NATO summit in Madrid to high-level meetings in Japan and the US.
Most recently on his April 26 US visit, Yoon and US President Joe Biden announced the “Washington Declaration” to deploy US nuclear-armed submarines to South Korea — reintroducing US nuclear weapons to South Korea for the first time in more than.
When viewed against North Korea’s development of nuclear weapons as a strategic deterrent, these weapons in South Korea will more likely fuel a nuclear arms race rather than check North Korea’s nuclear program. As former South Korean unification minister Jeong Se-hyunthat four out of North Korea’s six nuclear tests occurred in response to the hardline stance of conservative South Korean administrations that refused to dialogue with North Korea.
Ultimately, Yoon’s actions are putting South Korea on a dangerous path that further destabilises inter-Korean relations and antagonises China, its biggest trading partner. All the while, the move alsothe Korean government’s duty to advocate for reparations from Japan for Koreans exploited under Japanese colonialism and to prevent the from the Fukushima nuclear reactor, which lies upstream from South Korea.
Yoon’s ‘global pivotal state’
The alarming return of US nuclear weapons to South Korea follows Yoon’s posturing to develop nuclear weapons in South Koreaas part of his evolving . More broadly, it forms part of Yoon’s greater foreign policy agenda of inserting South Korea in the security architecture of the US’s anti-China Asia-Pacific grand strategy.
The Yoon administration’s “”, like Yoon’s recent activities, follows closely from the US , with the goal of building and enforcing a US-led “rules-based order” in the region with “like-minded allies” to contain China.
For all its declarations of fairness and playing by the rules, this US-dominated “rules-based order” is at odds with the actual multipolar world taking shape around the world as well as the multilateral nature of the internationally agreed-upon United Nations-based order.
The US has been leading the creation of regional minilateral bodies such as the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) or the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework as part of its “ ” and engaging in unilateral aggression toward China in the form of “military, economic, information, and military warfare”.
For example, the US is setting the stage to dispute China’s actions in the South China Sea not through the UN “global bureaucrats” — i.e. the UN.”, which the US has not signed onto, but rather through the Indo-Pacific security framework. This allows the US to target China’s actions while exempting its own naval operations from the oversight of “
Furthermore, despite calling for an “open” and “free” Indo-Pacific, the US isby pressuring its Indo-Pacific allies to impede China’s access to semiconductor chips, one of the world’s most critical high-tech resources today.
The Yoon administration has been contributing to the buildup and reinforcement of this “rules-based order” through its participation in the Indo-Pacific framework, global NATO and by consolidating the US-Japan-South Korea trilateral military alliance.
In May 2022, a few weeks into his term, Yoon participated virtually in the IPEF meeting. In December, the administration adopted its own Indo-Pacific Strategy which committed to “stabilise supply chains of strategic resources” and “seek cooperation with partners with whom we share values” — i.e. IPEF states. South Korea is now beinginto the US chip war against China.
In June 2022, the participation of South Korea (including Yoon’s establishment of a NATO diplomatic mission) and three other Asia-Pacific states in the NATO meeting expanded NATO’s reach from the North Atlantic into the Pacific. This year, Yoon paved the way toward consolidating the US-Japan-South Korea trilateral alliance bythat Japan take responsibility for its colonial exploitation of Korean workers. Then, during his March visit with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, he resumed the controversial 2016 General Security of Military Information Agreement (GSOMIA) intelligence-sharing pact, laying the groundwork for direct military coordination between South Korea and Japan.
In April, US, Japanese and South Korean officials met and agreed to hold missile defense and anti-submarine exercises to counter North Korea and “promote peace and security in the Indo-Pacific region”, with special emphasis on “peace and security in the Taiwan Strait”. As a further show of commitment to the US global war strategy, in an April 19 Reuters interview, Yoon reversed his position on Ukraine and raised the possibility of sending weapons, and exacerbated the US’s provocations in Taiwan vis-a-vis the One China principle, to the ire of Chinese .
A pivot toward peace
Activists in South Korea and abroad have been ceaselessly working toward peace on the peninsula, with key struggles waged along the very sites of US military installations in the Asia-Pacific region encircling China, such as the construction of thein Gangjeong village. They have also been part of long-standing transnational activism to procure a .
As these activists and US scholar Noam Chomsky have Justice Party National Assembly members along with the and other civil society organisations in South Korea, the US and Japan will be organising an International Forum for Peace in Northeast Asia and Against a New Cold War Order.in the face of the April 26 US-South Korea nuclear weapons deal, only a peace treaty ending the Korean War would lay the basis for denuclearising the Korean peninsula, bring an end to the US military occupation of South Korea, and move toward peace and stability in Northeast Asia. To continue building greater exchange, dialogue, solidarity and pivot the region toward peace, on May 16,
[This article was produced by. Dae-Han Song is in charge of the networking team at the and is a part of the collective. Alice S Kim is a writer, researcher, and translator living in Seoul. Her publications include “The ‘Vietnamese’ Skirt and Other Wartime Myths” in (UNC Press, 2022) and “Left Out: People’s Solidarity for Social Progress and the Evolution of Minjung After Authoritarianism,” in (Routledge, 2011).]