Indigenous groups, including Nahuas and Otomis, as well as Mexicans, have spent the past month travelling in a convoy to nine different states of the country. Each day they visited multiple towns and regions where mostly European and United States corporations are plundering water and resources.
About 80% of Mexico is currently experiencing severe drought, and agriculture and food supplies are suffering. But while the dry season is a natural phenomenon, the convoy members argue that mining, excessive use of water, pollution, and culling of forests by corporations is what is causing the water shortages, food problems and climate change.
Indigenous, rural, and poor people are disproportionately affected, as the mining and other companies operate on their land and in their communities. Called mega projects, these mines are accompanied by huge energy and road infrastructure, and extreme levels of water extraction and contamination.
In the 16 years prior to the current government, only 12% of mega projects had a social purpose, while at least 70% were built purely for the benefit of industry and corporations. In Puebla state, where the convoy campaign began on March 22, 12.8% of the total land area is licensed to 349 mines, with a further 34 being processed.
“The convoy is allowing us to unite. We’re sick of not being seen or heard. Of being humiliated,” said María de Jesús Patricio Martínez, or Marichuy as she is known, during the launch of the convoy. She is the first Indigenous woman to attempt to run for president and spokesperson for the National Indigenous Council (CNI).
The convoy visited Xoxtla, Puebla, where European company Ternium is extracting millions of litres of water and contaminating the local water supply. Local Nahua people don’t have enough water for their small farms, the Prieto River has dried up, and large, long cracks are appearing in the land.
Xochimilco, birthplace of the axolotl and chinampa farming where tiny islands are built up on the lake, is also facing severe water issues. Its water is sent to Mexico City, for industrial, commercial and domestic use, and original peoples in the area don’t have enough for their small vegetable and flower farms. During the convoy visit there, Diego Lopez Segura told Green Left that money is looked after, while the waterways aren’t.
“Xochimilco used to be lovely, the rivers used to be crystal green, but now grey domestic and industrial water has turned it turbid,” he said.
The convoy also visited toxic waste dumps, a private residential project forcing indigenous people to abandon their land, a gas pipeline in San Isidro Huilotepec, a “sacrifice zone” as locals in Actopán, Veracruz refer to the mines in their region, and met with NaSavi, Me´pháá, Nahua, Ñamnkué and Mexicans in Guerrero state. It also travelled to other sites and struggles in Mexico City, Tlaxcala state, Oaxaca state and more.