Pakistan: Three left parties unite to form Awami Workers Party

The statement below was released by the newly formed Awami Workers Party on November 2.

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Three leftist parties, Awami Party Pakistan, Labour Party Pakistan and Workers Party Pakistan, will formally merge into a new party called the Awami Workers Party (AWP) on November 11. It is a first step towards building an alternative to the status quo that has brought the Pakistani state and society to the brink of collapse.

This was stated by leaders of the three parties at a press conference held on November 2 at the Islamabad Hotel.

Speaking to reporters, Workers Party leader Abid Hasan Minto said the institutions of the state are fragmenting, and are often completely at odds with one another. Democratic institutions remain weak and underdeveloped in comparison to the military establishment and civil bureaucracy.

The increasingly untenable situation in Balochistan indicates a wider crisis of the federation, thus confirming that our ruling class has learned little from the secession of east Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in 1971.

Finally, the state continues to maintain a confrontational and interventionist posture vis a vis neighbouring countries, which serves only to isolate Pakistan and exacerbate internal divisions.

Minto said the divisions within Pakistan society are quickly becoming irreconcilable. Conflicts along class, ethnic, sectarian, gender and other lines seem to be getting more acute on a daily basis.

Violence is commonplace and the cultures of tolerance and harmony that have persisted for thousands of years in the region are increasingly marginalised. Imperialist powers and religious militants alike constitute a constant threat to life, livelihood and indigenous culture.

Finally, Minto pointed out that governmental performance is abject. The economy is afloat only on borrowed money and time, with the State Bank printing almost 1 trillion Rupees (about $10 billion) a year simply to meet foreign debt obligations.

Delivery of basic services such as health, education, transport, housing and drinking water has effectively been handed over to profiteers with personal links to state functionaries. Justice remains a pipe dream.

Leader of the Awami Party Fanoos Gujjar said the mainstream political parties that are supposed to both analyse the root causes of these various crises and then devise workable policies to redress them are neither able nor willing to do so. Indeed many of these parties still remain accomplices of the military establishment.

Mainstream political discourse is little more than mumbo jumbo while the business of politics is to extend unequal and unjust patronage and power networks.

Gujjar said the establishment and political elite sustain the neocolonial state and retrogressive, feudal social structures within Pakistan under the guise of defending the “greater national interest”. This oppressive structure of power has been further consolidated by capitalist globalisation and thus the impoverishment and division of Pakistan’s working people deepens.

Progressive and left political parties throughout Pakistan’s history have always striven to transform these obsolete structures and democratise state and society, while also struggling for democratisation of the imperialist world order.

In return, the left has had to contend with untold state repression and reaction from the rich and powerful at all levels of Pakistani society. Today, the state’s reactionary policies have become a Frankenstein that is increasingly impossible to control. Class and gender oppression have deepened, while the denial of federalism has ensured the rise and strengthening of centrifugal tendencies.

Farooq Tariq of the Labour Party Pakistan said that all of Pakistan’s myriad crises today, both internal and external, can be addressed only by bringing together all progressive, anti-imperialist, anti-establishment, secular political forces so as to embark on a long-term struggle towards a socialist society, free from exploitation of all kinds.

He said working people need a political party that not only serves up rhetoric of change, but can also provide a workable political program to deliver change on the basis of the countervailing power of the Pakistani people.

The left and progressive forces have made many sacrifices for the establishment of democracy in Pakistan, Tariq said. But until this day, the working masses of this country have not benefited from the fruits of genuine democracy.

The Awami Workers Party, he said, is committed to the establishment of real democracy ― political and economic ― free from the influences of the military, imperialist powers and a self-serving elite in which all members of society can secure their fundamental freedoms and develop their creative potentialities.

Tariq concluded by asserting that the Awami Workers Party is not a party of landlords, capitalists, generals or mullahs, but the downtrodden and long-suffering mass of working people. He said that AWP’s politics may not be welcome to the ruling elite, but it is the only politics that can extricate state and society from the current quagmire because only by transcending the feudal and capitalist order and the shift to a socialist system will the crises of Pakistani state and society be resolved.

In closing the leaders of the new party summarised the AWP party program:

Redress the state’s hostile policy towards neighbouring countries which has been used to justify the military establishment’s economic and political power.
Recognise of Pakistan’s multinational nature and the establishment of a genuine federal system based on the right of self-determination for all nations.
Break from the dictates of multinational capital and imperialism in all its forms.
Replace existing and oppressive state institutions with those that provide for basic needs and are fundamentally democratic in their functioning.
Immediately implementation of all existing land reform laws and elimination of feudal social power in all its forms.

During questions and answers, a firm stand against Kalabagh Dam was asserted. It was also pointed out that the party will run for elections but will also continue to build upon the historic traditions of the left in mobilising workers, peasants, students and women.

This, the leaders of AWP said, is the only way to truly challenge the machinations of the establishment.


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