British aid for Indonesian military


In the British House of Lords on July 2, the following questions were addressed to the government by Lord Avebury. The government's reply has not yet been reported.

Whether Kustanto Widiatmoko, platoon leader in the First Armour Squadron of the Indonesian Presidential Security Service, has been offered a place at the Royal Military College of Science, Cranfield, starting October 1992 to read for an MSc in Information Technology or Defence Administration, whether the cost of this award is to be met partly from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office Scholarships and Awards Scheme and partly from the UK Embassy in Jakarta's UKMTAS allocation; what these initials mean; what is the total size of the Embassy's UKMTAS allocation; who are the other beneficiaries of this money and what amounts are to be allocated to them in each case; and whether they still consider it appropriate to give British hospitality to members of an army which massacres civilians in East Timor, Aceh and West Papua.

Whether Akhmad Buldan, communication platoon leader of an infantry battalion in the Indonesian army, has been offered a place at the Royal Military College of Science, Cranfield, starting October 1992 to read for an MSc in Military Electronics Systems Engineering; how many other officers of the Indonesian armed forces have been offered places at United Kingdom institutions of higher education at the expense of the taxpayer for the academic years 1991-2 and 1992-3 respectively, and how they reconcile these awards with the doctrine of conditionality, under which aid is dependent on human rights performance by the state concerned.

Whether Minulyo Suprapto, weapon and vehicle base workshop officer in the Indonesian army, has been offered a place at the Royal Military College of Science, Cranfield, starting October 1992, to read for an MSc in Indonesian Technology or Materials Engineering, whether this officer completed a five-week general English course at the British Council's English Language Centre, Jakarta, in October 1991; and whether they will suspend all training of personnel from the Indonesian armed forces until the commanders of the troops responsible for the Santa Cruz massacre in Dili, East Timor, on November 12 1991 have been charged, and until they have had an opportunity of considering the report of the United Nations Secretary-General by his special representative Dr Amos Wako on the circumstances of the massacre, which has so far been withheld from member states.

Whether they are aware that Major-General Mantiri, commander of the IXth Udayana Regional Military Command, which includes East Timor, was reported in the Jakarta weekly Editor this week on the Santa Cruz massacre of November 12, 1991, to have said "What happened was quite proper ... People abroad are yapping away, magnifying things"; whether they are also aware that on June 30, an Indonesian court sentenced Gregorio da Cunha Saldanha, one of the survivors of the massacre, to life imprisonment for "subversion", and whether they will urge the United Nations Security Council to restate its demand for the n armed forces from East Timor, so that a referendum on the political future of the territory can be held, in accordance with the Charter and with Article 1 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

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