One week ago, the official death toll in the United States from COVID-19 was 3700. Today, April 7, that number has risen to well above 12,000. But this underestimates the real figure.
An article in the April 6 New York Times reported: “Hospital officials, doctors, public health experts and medical examiners say that official counts have failed to capture the true number of Americans dying in this pandemic.
“The undercount is a result of inconsistent protocols, limited resources and a patchwork of decision-making from one state to the next.”
An additional issue is the limited availability of tests.
In short, there is no overall national plan to confront the pandemic, or even to collect true information. This is another indication of the abject failure of the Donald Trump administration, which has blood on its hands.
The NYT article gives some examples: “A coroner in Indiana wanted to know if the coronavirus had killed a man in early March, but said her health department denied a test.
“Paramedics in New York City say that many patients who died at home were never tested for the coronavirus, even if they showed telltale signs of infection.
“In Virginia, a funeral director prepared the remains of three people after health workers cautioned her that they each had tested positive for the coronavirus. But only one of the three had the virus noted on the death certificate.”
Prison authorities, including those in for-profit private institutions, have an interest in underreporting cases and deaths among the huge prison population where there is no possibility of “safe separation".
The same is true for immigrants being held in crowded, mostly private for-profit facilities under the control of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). They especially want to cover up the sickness and deaths of children being held in crowded cages.
The undocumented, homeless and uninsured are also susceptible to dying from the virus without ever having been tested and counted.
Dozens of immigrants at the Northwest Detention Center in Tacoma, Washington, have been on hunger strike since April 3 to protest their continued imprisonment at the for-profit facility.
“I think we are human. We are not animals to be treated as the worst thing in this country. We are asking for a humanitarian visa.”
It is now being reported that among the hardest hit are African Americans.
CNN had three reports on April 7 that demonstrated this. In Louisiana, Blacks make up one-third of the population, but 70% of the deaths. In Illinois, they are 15% of the population but 42% of the deaths. In the city of Milwaukee, they are 26% of the population and 71% of the deaths.
Those are only the reported deaths. Blacks are disproportionally represented among the above categories of the underreported.
African Americans have significantly worse indicators of general health, including for conditions that make the sickness more dangerous, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity and asthma.
Latinos are also being hard hit. One district in the borough of Queens has become an epicentre within the larger epicentre of New York City. This is an area in the district represented by congress representative Alexandra Ocasio-Cortez (AOC).
Her district also includes the notorious jail on Rikers Island, where at least one prisoner has died of the virus. Hundreds have tested positive out of a total of 5000.
Many are there for parole violations or serving less than a year for low-level offences. Others are being held in pre-trial detention and have not been convicted, but remain there because they do not have money for bail.
AOC recently tweeted: “COVID deaths are disproportionately spike in Black + Brown communities. Why? Because of the chronic toll of redlining [around these communities], environmental racism, wealth gap etc. ARE underlying health conditions. Inequality is a co-morbidity. COVID relief should be drafted with a lens of reparations.”
New York City
In a recent interview on Democracy Now!, host Amy Goodman asked AOC: “Can you talk about your district? We have heard a lot about Elmhurst Hospital. The doctors and nurses, like so many around the country, and the sanitation workers in these hospitals are not properly protected.
“We have not heard as much about the community that it serves. In just the last week, I’ve heard about three men — two Mexican brothers who died in their home, not even in the hospital, their bodies just recently taken out; a third died in the hospital — but fears of even going to hospitals, knowing what could happen to them, who have been hard-working members of our communities for so many years. Talk about your community.”
AOC responded: “The … community surrounding Elmhurst Hospital and Elmhurst, Queens ... is one of the most working-class and Blackest and Brownest communities in New York City. It is extraordinarily dense. Even for New York City, it is a very dense and densely populated community.”
It also has many undocumented workers.
“It’s no surprise that in the wake of this pandemic the Trump administration announced a public charge rule that basically said if you are undocumented and seek public services, public healthcare, SNAP [food stamps], WIC [nutritional program for women, children and infants], etc., then you will be essentially put on a fast track to either denial of citizenship or outright deportation…
“After we pushed the Trump administration, we were able to secure confirmation from the administration that they would not refer COVID-related cases and treat them under the public charge rule. But there’s so much confusion already that many are scared to go to the hospital.
“These are the same people who are preparing our food. They’re the same people who stock our grocery shelves. They’re the same people who deliver our goods. And the idea that we can deny them care, as though the pandemic will not affect them in greater ways because of that, is naive, and it’s unscientific.”
There is an ironic twist to the administration’s dealings with the undocumented.
It is an open secret that agriculture relies on undocumented workers. These workers have now been declared part of an “essential” business. Most have been working the fields for years, if not decades, and are part and parcel of the US population, but are denied citizenship rights.
Agribusiness likes to keep them that way, so they have difficulty asserting their rights as workers concerning wages and conditions for fear of deportation. But they are now recognised as “essential” while still being called “aliens”, as if they were from Mars.
Strikes and protests
In addition to the many protests and demonstrations by nurses, doctors and other medical workers demanding personal protective equipment (PPE), other workers who need such protection have staged wildcat strikes and protests. These include essential workers such as those delivering food to those quarantined because they have the virus.
Grocery store workers who have to deal with large numbers of people have demanded PPE, and in some cases won it.
Others are protesting overcrowded conditions that make contagion more likely, including in some auto plants. Some have walked out due to coworkers testing positive.
At Amazon, workers are protesting because they have to handle many boxes that could be carrying the virus and need gloves and masks. They also oppose the overcrowded conditions that prevent safe spacing.
Amazon head Jeff Bezos is one of the five richest men in the world, but says he cannot cough up the money to meet workers’ concerns. Amazon is one company that is profiting from the pandemic, as people staying at home are turning to delivery services like Amazon.
One Black worker was fired for leading a small walkout at one of Bezos’ plants. Management launched a racist campaign to discredit him, planting rumors that he was stupid and “inarticulate”.
These protests and walkouts have been small, but they indicate that anger at businesses and the government over the pandemic may portend more in the future.