International News

By Sue Medlock Seven hundred children died in a single measles outbreak in Nicaragua this year. The worst outbreak of this disease in years was primarily due to the fact that many children had not been vaccinated. The immunisation program had

Two Soviet rocket scientists have warned that the solid fuel rocket boosters used on the US space shuttle release 187 tons of ozone-destroying chlorine molecules into the atmosphere with every launch. Valery Burdakov, co-designer of the Russian

By Peter Annear PRAGUE — The Socialist Party government of Slobodan Milosevic in Serbia bowed on April 17 to textile and metal workers' demands for wages they had not received for several months and a guaranteed minimum monthly wage of 3000

By Max Lane Indonesia's pro-democracy forces seem to be growing more confident as the 1992 elections near. The Suharto regime, with a discontented officer corps on one side and more confident grassroots protests on the other, is less able to

WASHINGTON — Greenpeace's campaign against waste exports has revealed that two more New Jersey companies have shipped highly toxic mercury wastes abroad, this time for burial in the rolling farmlands of Spain. From 1986 to 1987, Cosan Chemical

By Norm Dixon Jean Eparo, a member of the PNG activist group Melanesian Solidarity (Melsol), on her way to attend the "Students, Science, Sustainability" conference at the Australian National University over the April 25-26 weekend, spoke to Green

By Sally Low BRATISLAVA — Romanian Securitate secret police are still active in his country, President Petre Roman admitted in Washington on April 16.The Securitate were the backbone of the former Ceausescu Communist Party regime. Released to

Army building roads in East Timor According to the Jakarta Post, Indonesia is to construct 120 kilometres of roads in the southern part of East Timor. The government claims the roads "will encourage the development of the economic system of the

By Sally Low PRAGUE - "If you go into the countryside in the West, perhaps you can drink water from the streams, but in our country it is all poisoned." Like so many Czechs and Slovaks, my friend Jana despairs over the environment in her country

By Peter Gellert MEXICO CITY - While the government attempts to obtain funding in North America and Europe for AIDS education and prevention campaigns, activist organisations here have denounced the government for using repression against them.

By Jacqui Kavanagh A document based on research by the African National Congress has revealed why the recent Peace Accord between the ANC and the Inkatha Freedom Party has not stopped the violence ravaging black communities in South Africa. In

After the social upheavals of 1989 in Eastern Europe, there has been much speculation in the Western press that Vietnam would follow a similar path. STEPHEN ROBSON, recently returned from a three-week visit to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, describes

By Gil Lauriciano GURO, MOZAMBIQUE — War and drought are threatening thousands of lives in the central region. Mozambique is considered the poorest country in southern Africa because of the civil war, which has been going on for 15 years, and

By David RobieAUCKLAND — When French Polynesia's 41-seat Territorial Assembly met on April 5 to decide the South Pacific territory's new president for five years, the choice marked a remarkable political comeback. Gaston Flosse, the

International Union of Students meets By Adam Novak PRAGUE — At an extraordinary congress here in mid-April, the International Union of Students, traditionally closely aligned with Moscow, relaunched itself as a decentralised and democratic

By Mary Merkenich BOCHUM, Germany - Since reunification, there has been an alarming increase in violence from the right, especially in the areas of the old East Germany. Skinheads here represent the extreme right wing, and they have made

By Norm Dixon Representatives of the interim government of the Republic of Bougainville have sharply condemned the Papua New Guinea government's April 13 invasion of northern Bougainville and demanded the immediate withdrawal of the troops. "This

 

Cuba condemns occupation of Iraq

HAVANA — The Cuban foreign ministry on April 24 strongly condemned the military occupation of parts of northern Iraq by the United States and its allies.

The statement said the occupation was being carried out under "the pretext" of creating a safe haven for Iraq's Kurdish population, and it demanded respect for the civil rights of the Iraqi population.

The ruling Hungarian Socialist Workers Party (HSWP) voluntarily relinquished power in 1990 after 40 years of centralised state-socialist rule. In the first of a series of articles, LASZLO ANDOR and PETER ANNEAR trace the early origins of this

By Satendra Prasad SUVA — Fires destroyed a mining shaft and heavy equipment, causing F$800,000 damage, as the strike by more than 850 members of the Fiji Mine Workers Union (FMWU) entered its 10th week. The fires broke out early on May 7,

Urgent action needed to save refugees Some 109 refugees from Aceh, the Indonesian province at the northern tip of Sumatra, face imminent deportation from Malaysia back to Indonesia. On May 3, the human rights organisation TAPOL and SIMBA

By Peter Boyle Kurdish people are hopeful about the prospects of achieving some form of autonomy within Iraq after current talks between representatives of the Iraqi Kurdistan Front and ministers from the Iraqi government, according to a

SYDNEY — A vocal picket by members of the Korean community and Australian supporters was held outside the US Consulate on May 10 to protest against recent war threats from the US and South Korean governments. Dr Kim Jin Yeop, a Korean-born

By Renfrey Clarke MOSCOW — An "Action Program of the Council of Ministers of the USSR for Leading the Economy out of Crisis" has been placed before the parliament of the Soviet Union. Despite its innovative-sounding title, it is basically a

Indonesian union attacks Hawke government Indonesia's only independent trade union has condemned the Australian government's decision to back Indonesian government minister Cosmas Batubara's candidacy for president of the International Labour

By Mono Badela With the South African Communist Party's 70th anniversary just three months away, the party is building structures throughout the country — in the factories, in the mines, in townships and even [middle class] urban centres such as

By Adam Novak and Peter Annear PRAGUE — The reality of Czechoslovakia's privatisation program is proving quite different to the rosy picture painted in the early days of the "Velvet Revolution". Nor is the reform process the uncontrolled rush to

The forces which eventually overthrew the Stalinist system in Hungary can be traced as far back as the immediate aftermath of the 1956 uprising, which was crushed by Soviet tanks. Last week, LASZLO ANDOR and PETER ANNEAR described the economic

By Andrew Garton Preparations are well under way for the first ever "Earth Summit" — the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), which will take place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from June 1 to 12, 1992. "The primary

By Norm Dixon The May 14 sentencing of Winnie Mandela to six years' jail by a juryless court, presided over by a single white judge, is sure to add fuel to the black majority's growing anger and resentment at the South African government. Her

By David Easter Is North Korea being set up as the next "Iraq"? Korean solidarity activists have sounded a warning that Pyongyang may become the next "new world order" target. "There is a very striking pattern emerging in the statements of US

President Suharto of Indonesia officially opened a World Bank-funded dam in Central Java on May 18 despite the resistance of hundreds of farming families whose demands for fair compensation remain unanswered. The US$281 million dollar Kedung Ombo

On the last day of the convention, JUTTA DITFORTH announced that she and other members of the Fundis would leave the party because it has moved too far from its original aims and principles. A group around her called Ecological Left was to hold a

A new US study shows that integrated pest management practices such as crop rotation and biological pest control could cut the country's pesticide use in half. The study estimates that food costs would increase US$1 billion per year (less than

A convicted kidnapper and torturer has been appointed as a member of the Fiji Army's seven-member United Nations observer team in Kuwait. Last October 24, Captain Sotia Ponijiasi led a team of soldiers that kidnapped and tortured one of Fiji's

A founding member of the Greens, outgoing federal Executive Committee member and member of the International Affairs Committee, JÜRGEN MAIER said the rightists will probably try to block the work of the two new left-wing party spokespeople "like

Twelve Palestinians were killed by the Israeli military in April, according to Ali Kazak, the Palestine Liberation Organisation representative in Australia. The youngest, a child of four, was deliberately struck by a military vehicle. Ten of the

Hungary is on a course towards the re-establishment of a capitalist economy — but many questions remain unanswered. In this article, concluding their series on the overthrow of the country's Stalinist version of socialism, LASZLO ANDOR and PETER

Plowshare activists on trial By Stuart Wax Four young peace activists go on trial in New York on May 20, facing charges that could result in their being imprisoned for 15 years. Two of the defendants, Ciaron O'Reily and Moana Cole, are

By Will Firth BERLIN — The Elbe is the third largest river in central Europe. It is also one of the most polluted. From its source in Czechoslovakia, the river flows 1165 km through the former two Germanies to enter the North Sea near Hamburg.

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