International News

By Tracy Sorensen PRAGUE — Czechoslovakia's ruling Civic Forum formally split into two camps on February 24, ending a long period of wrangling between more free-market oriented forces and those advocating a measured, state-controlled transition

By Stephen Robson LONDON — More than 80 Iraqis are being held in prisons or army prisoner of war camps, without charges being laid, and facing possible deportation. Home secretary Kenneth Baker gave the orders to imprison and then deport 88

By Tracy Sorensen PRAGUE — The view over Prague formerly enjoyed by a gigantic statue of Stalin is justly famous — all Gothic church spires, patchwork roofs and stone bridges crisscrossing the Vltava River. Unfortunately, on most days it's

Sixteen environmentalists from the island of Palawan in the Philippines have been arrested and charged with subversion. They are members of Haribon-Palawan, a well-known and respected organisation which is cosponsoring with Friends of the Earth an

By Sally Low A large majority of voters in Estonia and Latvia cast ballots in favour of independence on March 3. Voter turnout was 82.8% in Estonia and 87.56% in Latvia. In both republics, over 64% voted yes to questions that, as in Lithuania on

By Peter Boyle The balance of scientific opinion has swung unequivocally behind the view that industrial activities in the last century have been accelerating the greenhouse effect. What once was a radical theory — that a number of gases were

By Martin Mulligan With a great flourish, US President George Bush announced in mid-1990 that his administration was committed to the creation of "Enterprise for the Americas" — a free trade zone stretching from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. A

TAMAS KRAUSZ is a leader of Hungarian Left Alternative, a left organisation that has grown out of discussions of socialism outside the official state and party structures over the past 15 years. He was interviewed by STEVE PAINTER for in Budapest.

By Asples Madang (People of Madang) For the past 17 years, JANT Pty Ltd has paid the landowners of the Gogol-Naru in Papua New Guinea's Madang province only K1.18 per cubic metre (K1.00=US1.05) for premium timber — hardwoods that can easily

Thai arrests Fifteen university students in Bangkok have been arrested for defying the new military junta by organising a public rally. Also under arrest is Bundit Thammatrirat, a respected labour researcher. Sukhon Khaekprayoon, a researcher for

By Max Lane In the last week at least 20 people have either been jailed, detained or interrogated in connection with the circulation of a calendar in Central Java. The calendar, in the form of a wall poster, illustrates the struggles of peasant

By Daniel Flakoll Alegría "What is there to celebrate?", Vice President Virgilio Godoy says with a tone of resignation. "This isn't the UNO [National Opposition Union] government. It's Antonio Lacayo's government presided over by Violetta

By Greg Adamson The Bush administration was more than displeased with the Cuban government's stand on the Gulf crisis, but its hostility to Cuba doesn't stem from that stand. As a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, Cuba was

By Adam Novak and Steve Painter PRAGUE — Any hopes that Czechoslovakia might quickly develop a vigorous small business class took a heavy blow in the Czech republic's first round of privatisation auctions, which began on January 26-27. Of the

By Andrew Nette Aung Naing Oo is one of thousands of students who fled Burma's cities in the wake of the crushing of the nation's democracy movement in 1988. In fear of military retaliation for their central role in the opposition, they moved into

By Norm Dixon As industrialised countries adopt stricter, more costly regulations on disposal of toxic wastes, a whole industry of shadowy operators has developed to promote dumping wastes in the Third World. Late last year, a California-based

By Renfrey Clarke MOSCOW — They were the first eggs I had seen in my local food store in over a month. I stood in line, seized a packet, and headed for the check-out. On the packet was printed in large letters: "Price 1 rouble 34 kopeks".

By Jacqui Kavanagh The African National Congress has expressed "outrage and deep disappointment" at the South African government's white paper on land reform, tabled in parliament on March 12. The paper fails to address the crucial issue of land

By Peter Annear The Straits of Otranto — an 80 kilometre stretch of the Adriatic — were the corridor for the exodus of 20,000 Albanians in the second week of March from Durres, Vlore and Shengjin to Brindisi, Otranto and other ports in the

Student demonstrations, a military clampdown and an emigre exodus have marked the lead-up to Albania's first multiparty elections, scheduled for March 31. From Prague, Green Left correspondent PETER ANNEAR reports. The exodus of 20,000 Albanians

Finns for fuel efficiency By a big majority, the people of Finland prefer greater energy efficiency to the building of new power plants, according to a poll published on February 26. Commissioned by Greenpeace and conducted in January, the

Tirana, Washington resume relations By Peter Annear PRAGUE — After 52 years without diplomatic contact, the United States agreed to restore full diplomatic relations with Albania on March 15. Talks on resuming ties were virtually completed

Since 1986, about 1 million civilians have fled their homes to escape the fighting in the Philippines. The plight of this destitute, homeless tribe — "internal refugees" — is still not fully recognised by the Aquino government. DAVID ROBIE

By Steve Painter Five days of mass protests shook the Yugoslav and Serbian capital, Belgrade, in mid-March. Two people were killed and up to 160 injured as police, backed briefly by army tanks, attacked the protesters. The tanks were withdrawn after

By Norm Dixon Mecky Salosa, a senior leader of the Free West Papua Movement (OPM), which is fighting for independence of Indonesian-occupied West Papua, was sentenced to life imprisonment on March 18 by an Indonesian District Court in Jayapura.

By Norm Dixon SYDNEY — "The president of the white people, F.W. de Klerk (he's not my president as I never elected him, I have no voting rights in South Africa), has been doing the rounds telling the international community that apartheid is at an

By Norm Dixon Japan's most serious nuclear power accident has given the anti-nuclear movement a powerful impetus. Japan barely escaped a nuclear accident of Chernobyl or Three Mile Island proportions on February 9, when a pipe broke inside the

By Laszlo Andor and Peter Annear BUDAPEST — Hungarians' originally high expectations about the transition to a Western-style market economy have, in the last few months, started to recede. While the old regime and its political elite have gone,

By Ian Powell WELLINGTON - New Zealand's largest protest for a decade stunned the National Party government on April 4. Around 100,000 people participated in nationwide demonstrations which were part of the Council of Trade Unions' April 3-9 week

By Alison Murray February 1991: Asep Suryaman has been told his execution is imminent. Cipinang Prison is a civilian jail in East Jakarta. "Ordinary prisoners are held there, 18-20 men to a cell, and in a separate wing the political prisoners are

By Renfrey Clarke MOSCOW — It was one of the tensest days Muscovites had experienced in some time. The immediate cause of the strained atmosphere was a decision by the liberal majority in the Moscow City Soviet to call a mass demonstration to

By Judy Addison and Jeannie Rae Indonesian workers have taken advantage of increased political instability, as jockeying for power increases in the government and military, to form a new, independent, trade union. The organisers are also keen to

By Andrew Nette Crispin Beltran, chairperson of the May 1 Movement (KMU) of the Philippines, has been jailed on two fabricated charges — one a matter outstanding for 20 years — and leaders of the movement fear that the government of Corazon

By David Robie AUCKLAND — Tonga's hasty legal juggling act to grant citizenship to more than 400 foreigners has done little to quell unrest in the South Pacific kingdom over the passport scandal. Although commoner parliamentarian and

By Renfrey Clarke MOSCOW — Opinion polling has come to the USSR. The polls are not always well designed or professionally executed, and it pays to check who has commissioned them. But the better ones are authoritative and provide intriguing data

By Norm Dixon The Botswanan government has suspended the dredging of the Okavango River delta in response to mounting local and international opposition. The announcement has brought a temporary halt to a giant scheme that would severely damage

By Will Firth BERLIN — In the former German Democratic Republic, 787,000 people were registered as unemployed in February. This took the rapidly rising unemployment rate to 8.9%, compared with a stable 7.0% in west Germany. The situation will

By Norm Dixon Production at the Australian-owned Vatukoula gold mine on Fiji's north-west coast remains at a virtual standstill as 900 determined miners continue their strike. Anger on the mass picket lines has reached boiling point following

US waste incinerator fails test The State of Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology announced on April 2 that a controversial mobile incinerator at a chemical waste site had failed in testing and would not be permitted to burn dioxin

Farmers seize US base By Mark Delmege PERTH — One hundred angry wheat farmers from northern wheat belt towns attacked a NASA facility at Yarragadee, about 100 km South of Geraldton, on April 7. Protesting against US wheat subsidies, the

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