International News

Gertrude Shope, newly elected president of the African National Congress (ANC) Women's League (WL) "grew up in the struggle". In the '50s she was secretary of the Federation of Transvaal Women. In 1966, she left the country, on the advice of the ANC,

'Terrorism' from chlorine company STOCKHOLM, — A leaked "crisis management plan" confirms the concern of chlorine manufacturers and users over decreasing market demand and increasing environmental pressure. The plan, prepared for the Clorox

On February 27, the last day of the Gulf War, soldiers arrived at the Ramallah (West Bank) clinic of 48-year old urological surgeon Dr Mamdouh Al-Aker and took him off; he was not even given time to leave some urgent instructions regarding the

By Sally Low Poland's first free parliamentary elections are due in October. The outcome will be strongly affected by the way the present government and particularly President Lech Walesa react to growing dissatisfaction with their attempts to

By Slavina Novak and Adam Novak PRAGUE — There were a number of serious injuries when a peaceful demonstration here was attacked by young rightists. This followed an attack by police on a similar protest. Several weeks ago, two anarchist

Nuclear power plan for Java Indonesia has selected a unit of Japan's second-largest power company to carry out a feasibility study on a proposed nuclear power project in northern Java, according to news reports. The reports quoted Indonesian

By Sally Low Not only the world's Jewish community were appalled by the pope's declaration in Poland in early June that abortion should be equated with the Nazi Holocaust. Repeated opinion polls have shown at least 60% of John Paul's compatriots,

Three United States GIs who resisted the Gulf War are facing the death penalty at the hands of military courts. Of some 2500 GIs who resisted participation in operation Desert Storm, Erik Larsen, Kevin Sparrock and Corporal Tahan Jones have been

By Norm Dixon The claim that Iraq was developing a nuclear weapons capability and ballistic missile technology was one of the major justifications for the US-led war in the Gulf. Yet it has been revealed that the US government turned a blind eye

By Renfrey Clarke MOSCOW — Boris Yeltsin will have almost unlimited powers under new government structures recently approved by the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation. As president, Yeltsin is both head of state and head

Interview by Andrew Nette In the five years that the Aquino government has held power in the Philippines, wages have declined while prices have skyrocketed. The conditions of the latest IMF loan require further cutbacks in government expenditure

By Renfrey Clarke A senior Soviet economist and leader of the left wing of the Social Democratic Party, GALINA RAKITSKAYA is involved in the movement for people's self-management in the USSR. She was interviewed in Moscow by Jim Percy and Renfrey

By Renfrey Clarke What is it called when the leading opposition candidate in an election is excluded from the ballot, despite the express wishes of the legislature? In the Soviet Union today, you might well find it called "democracy" — to

By Peter Annear The unexpected collapse of Communist regimes across Eastern Europe in 1989 is a continuing subject of analysis and debate among politicians of all hues. From Prague, PETER ANNEAR reports in the first of a series. In the early

By Tom Jordan According to the new South African newspaper The Objector, Douglas Torr, a conscientious objector to military service, had his jail sentence set aside in the Rand Supreme Court on May 20 and will now only have to do community

'Make the union irrelevant' By Keith Locke AUCKLAND — Australians should be worried about New Zealand's anti-union legislation crossing the Tasman. The first company to conduct a national campaign against unions under the Employment

By Helen Jarvis PHNOM PENH — A more confident and optimistic mood prevails here compared to six months ago, when I last visited Cambodia. The government managed to hold firm against the opposition forces during their 1990-1991 dry season

By Norm Dixon The Papua New Guinea government has attempted to smash the class boycott by university students demanding a fresh general election. Police entered the University of PNG campus on June 19 and arrested at least four leaders of the

By Helen Jarvis PATTAYA, Thailand — This raunchy seaside resort south of Bangkok seems an unlikely location for a breakthrough in the drawn-out negotiations between the government of the State of Cambodia and the resistance forces. But on the

A commission of inquiry sponsored by the three main organisations in the French peace movement (Appeal of the 75, Peace Now, and Forum for a Just Peace in the Middle East) visited Iraq in mid-May. The independent commission of 15 was supported by

Muhammad Quneitah is the head of the Federation of Palestinian Labour Unions in the Gaza Strip. The following interview with him is abridged from the Jerusalem Palestinian weekly, Al-Fajr. Reports from the occupied territories say that Palestinian

End Kuwait trials — Amnesty Amnesty International has called for a halt to trials of "collaborators" in Kuwait, and for the commutation of death sentences already passed. An "urgent action" statement from the human rights group notes in part:

Not everyone loved the parade By Scott Braley SAN FRANCISCO — From a jingoist's viewpoint, the Armed Forces Day Victory Parade here in May was a disaster. The Chamber of Commerce had organised a splashy event to "welcome home the troops" and

Peter Annear The sudden collapse of the Czechoslovak Communist government in November 1989 was prepared by decades of Stalinism. In the second of a series of reports, PETER ANNEAR writes from Prague on how sections of the old Communist Party are

By Norm Dixon The Australian government will continue to give Papua New Guinea over $50 million annually in military aid despite admissions that this assistance has been used in atrocities committed against civilians. The commander of PNG armed

By Craig Cormick In the wake of the recent disastrous cyclone and flooding, Bangladesh self-help organisations have been busily providing local assistance to hundreds of thousands of victims still struggling to survive and re-establish their

By Norm Dixon The Melbourne-based Philippines Resource Centre (PRC) has called on the Australian government to direct emergency aid for victims of the Mt Pinatubo volcano eruption through Community Aid Abroad to the non-government, volunteer-based

By Ian Powell The New Zealand National government's Employment Contracts Act, which removed legal recognition from unions, became law on 15 May. From Wellington, IAN POWELL describes how workers are faring in the new situation. Prior to the

Blake escape pair free A British jury has acquitted veteran peace activists Michael Randall and Patrick Pottle on charges arising from their role in the escape of double agent George Blake from jail. Randall and Pottle told the court they acted on

By Greg Adamson Thirty-two years after its revolution, Cuba is training 100,000 oxen for plowing, President Fidel Castro reported earlier this year. This underlines the extreme problems faced by the small Caribbean island. Cuba's natural

By Steve Painter The Yugoslav government's military actions against the breakaway Slovenian republic will almost certainly speed rather than slow the break-up of the Yugoslav federation. Already, there are clear signs of demoralisation in the

Interview by Peter Annear and Sally Low Despite difficulties faced by some of the older Green parties such as Germany's Die Grünen, around the world there is strong interest in green politics as a genuine alternative. ROSS MIRKARIMI works for

Interview by Renfrey Clarke A chemistry graduate, Paul Soler-Sala has spent the past 10 months in the Soviet Union as a representative of the US environmental organisation Ecologia. During much of this time, he has travelled through the USSR

Number One By Andrew L. Shapiro After years of slipping superiority and encroaching mediocrity, the "We're Number One" ethos is born again in America. General Schwarzkopf assures us we're the world's only superpower; President Bush hails the

By Peter Annear Concluding a series of articles, PETER ANNEAR reports from Prague on the outlook for Czechoslovak politics in the '90s. Once Civic Forum had to turn to constructive tasks of political and economic management after last June's

Interview by Bryan Thomas FIONA BJOERLING is speaker of the Swedish Green Party. She was interviewed for Green Left by BRYAN THOMAS. How important do you think democracy is in helping to save the world? The Greens are concerned with two

By Peter Gellert MEXICO CITY — Latin American left and democratic parties and movements met here June 12-15. The gathering, a continuation of the San Paulo forum held last year at the initiative of the Brazilian Workers Party (PT), was attended

Challenge to land reform Mass anger was provoked on June 17, when National Assembly member Fernando Zelaya introduced a bill to rescind land ownership laws passed in March 1990, before the present government took office. The Sandinistas say

By Dan Connell SHARM EL SHEIKH, Egypt — The stark, rugged mountains of the Sinai desert and the kaleidoscopic undersea world just offshore appear to form one of the most serene spots on earth. Yet a hidden conflict pits the hordes of tourists

By Peter Annear It is not only in Yugoslavia that the crumbling of Eastern European Stalinism has reopened national dissatisfactions and disputes. For most of this year, Czechoslovak politics has been coloured by the question of Slovak

Pages