Explaining why he refused to stand for the “Star Spangled Banner” before a preseason game on August 26, San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick said: “I am not going to stand up to show pride in a flag for a country that oppresses black people and people of colour. There are bodies in the street and people getting paid leave and getting away with murder.”
Twitter went predictably nuts, with at least one 49ers fan burning Kaepernick's jersey.
But almost no one seems aware that even if the US were a perfect country today, it would be bizarre to expect African-American players to stand for “The Star-Spangled Banner”. The reason is the US national anthem literally celebrates the murder of African-Americans.
Few people know this because we only ever sing the first verse. But read the end of the third verse and you'll see why “The Star-Spangled Banner” is not just a musical atrocity, it is an intellectual and moral one, too:
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave,
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
“The Star-Spangled Banner,” Americans hazily remember, was written by Francis Scott Key about the Battle of Fort McHenry in Baltimore during the War of 1812. But no one talks about how the War of 1812 was a war of aggression that began with an attempt by the US to grab Canada from the British Empire.
However, the US wildly overestimated the strength of its military. By the time of the Battle of Fort McHenry in 1814, the British had counterattacked and overrun Washington, DC, setting fire to the White House.
And one of the key tactics behind the British military's success was its active recruitment of US slaves. The orders given to the Royal Navy's Admiral Sir George Cockburn read: “Let the landings you make be more for the protection of the desertion of the Black Population than with a view to any other advantage …
“The great point to be attained is the cordial Support of the Black population. With them properly armed and backed with 20,000 British Troops, Mr. Madison will be hurled from his throne.”
Whole families found their way to the ships of the British, who accepted everyone and pledged no one would be given back to their “owners”. Adult men were trained to create a regiment called the Colonial Marines, who took part in many of the most important battles, including the August 1814 raid on Washington.
Then on the night of September 13, 1814, the British bombarded Fort McHenry. Key, seeing the fort's flag the next morning, was inspired to write the lyrics for “The Star-Spangled Banner”.
So when Key penned, “No refuge could save the hireling and slave/From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave”, he was taking great satisfaction in the death of slaves who'd freed themselves. His perspective may have been affected by the fact he owned several slaves himself.
With that in mind, think again about the next two lines: “And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave/O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.”
The reality is that there were human beings fighting for freedom with incredible bravery during the War of 1812. However, “The Star-Spangled Banner” glorifies the US's “triumph” over them — and then turns that reality completely upside down, transforming their killers into courageous freedom fighters.
After the US and the British signed a peace treaty at the end of 1814, the US government demanded the return of US “property”, which by that point numbered about 6000 people. The British refused.
Most of the 6000 eventually settled in Canada, with some going to Trinidad, where their descendants are still known as “Merikins”.
Furthermore, if those leading the backlash against Kaepernick need more inspiration, they can get it from Francis Scott Key's later life.
By 1833, Key was a district attorney for Washington, DC. The police at the time were notorious thieves, frequently stealing free blacks' possessions with impunity. One night, one of the constables tried to attack a woman who escaped and ran away — until she fell off a bridge across the Potomac and drowned.
“There is neither mercy nor justice for colored people in this district,” an abolitionist paper wrote. “No fuss or stir was made about it. She was got out of the river, and was buried, and there the matter ended.”
Key was furious and indicted the newspaper for intending “to injure, oppress, aggrieve & vilify the good name, fame, credit and reputation of the Magistrates & constables of Washington County.”
You can decide for yourself whether there is some connection between what happened 200 years ago and what Kaepernick is angry about today.
Maybe it's all ancient, meaningless history. Or maybe it's not, and Kaepernick is right.
[Abridged from The Intercept.]
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