In defence of Beyoncé's Black Panther Super Bowl tribute

Sunday, February 21, 2016


Beyoncé's backing dancers display a "Justice for Mario Woods" sign.

In the San Francisco Bay Area in California, where tent cities are slowly re-forming under bridges after being swept away in a “cleansing” of the homeless ahead of the February 7 NFL Super Bowl, there is still a palpable buzz about Beyoncé's performance in the Super Bowl half-time show (sorry, Coldplay).

In fact, it is a topic with far more currency than the actual dud of a game — and for good reason.

This year is the 50th anniversary of the founding of the militant African-American revolutionary group, the Black Panther Party for Self Defense, in the Bay Area. Given that the Panthers were founded initially to combat police violence and provide a grassroots social safety net for the poorest and Blackest parts of Oakland, San Francisco, they are looked upon not just with pride, but as having a great deal of relevance.

The fact that Beyoncé and her dancers paid tribute to the Panthers, complete with black berets and assembling in an X formation, amid the glitz, schmaltz, and hyper-nationalism of the Super Bowl has sparked an immediate and bracing wave of discussion.

In the Bay Area, I have been eavesdropping on debates about whether Beyoncé's performance paid tribute or crossed the line into appropriation. But the national conversation has been different.

A hell of a lot of people on Fox News, and in the right-wing sewers of the Internet, have lost their minds. I am not going to link to the statements, ranging from the historically ignorant to the unabashedly racist, because that is their game. But I will say that if you are comparing the Black Panthers to the KKK, like one police sergeant did on Facebook, you are only proving that the extent of your historical knowledge is what some arsehole said on Twitter. It is like comparing Adolf Hitler to Richard Pryor because they both had moustaches.

Yet despite the right-wing noise, Beyoncé's performance has created space for a real conversation about the Black Panthers, beyond the caricature. It is a chance to get people to see the recent Stanley Nelson PBS documentary Vanguard of the Revolution or read The Black Panthers Speak or Seize The Time, or any number of books.

Just to give one example, the most illustrative, politically textured Panther memoir in my humble opinion is My People Are Rising by Seattle Black Panther Party founder Aaron Dixon.

When Dixon's book was released in 2012, I pushed people to read it on social media and among friends and was met with a tepid response. After Beyoncé's performance, I went back and recommended it again. The reaction was off the chain.

Being in the Bay Area in the Super Bowl's aftermath has also opened my eyes to another part of what made Beyoncé's half-time performance matter. There are people here who have dedicated their lives to fighting police brutality — most recently in the form of the killing of 26-year-old Black man Mario Woods by San Francisco police on December 2 — and for the rights of the homeless to not be treated like collateral damage of gentrification.

They wanted the Super Bowl to be an opportunity to spotlight these issues for the country. Instead, they were met with a smothering police presence, indifferent media and an NFL occupation that made swaths of their city resemble the Green Zone in Iraq.

And then came half-time. As activist Ragina Johnson told me: “We were pushed to the margins. And then to have our movement, our struggle, our history, reflected at the Super Bowl? It turned one of the most disempowering weeks imaginable into all of us standing up and shouting, 'Yes!'

“It showed that they couldn't silence us despite their best efforts.”

It really does not matter if you think Beyoncé is a revolutionary or a canny marketer or a capitalist in Panther clothing. What matters is that a cry of resistance rose up inside the castle, even after they raised the drawbridge and put sharks with lasers on their heads in the moat. That opens up spaces that did not exist before.

Beyoncé was extremely brave to do it — she “took the weight”. But her bravery is the product of courage being shown on a street-level throughout the country. She acted because so many people have put themselves on the line to make #blacklivesmatter not just a hashtag, but a new moral reality.

This is what hope and change actually looks like: It comes in black berets amid Budweiser and toe-fungus ads, telling 100 million people to remember the Black Panthers and to remember Mario Woods.

[Reprinted from Edge of Sports.]

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